THE CREATION OF THE MEDIA ~ The Political Origins of Modern Communications
Book review and technical detail THE CREATION OF THE MEDIA ~ The Political Origins of Modern Communications Paul Starr
|Technical detail of THE CREATION OF THE MEDIA ~ The Political Origins of Modern Communications|
|Title||THE CREATION OF THE MEDIA ~ The Political Origins of Modern Communications|
|Category||Entertainment & Sports|
|Publishing Date||1st January, 1970|
The conception of the American media, that is—a action that, as argued here, helped advanced the country’s acceleration as an bread-and-butter and political power.The Founding Fathers are to be accustomed for their absorption to the media, argues American Prospect co-editor and Pulitzer Prize champ Starr (Sociology/Princeton; The Social Transformation of American Medicine, not reviewed) suggests, by which he agency the press, cinema, broadcasting, and postal and telecommunications system. That absorption led to contradictions: although they admired to see accompaniment ascendancy restrained, checked, and balanced, the founders additionally created built-in accoutrement that “illustrate the credible polarities of a bound and interventionist state: Although the Bill of Rights denied the federal government any ascendancy to adapt the press, the Constitution fabricated the Post Office the one nationalized industry.” Wisely, however, they accustomed about abandon abroad in the arrangement of communications, establishing advanced absorb laws and auspicious decentralization generally. Starr animadversion that in 1991, back it dissolved, the Soviet Union had far beneath telephones than did the nations of the West, for the Soviet administration had instead invested in loudspeakers, which “allowed the accompaniment to acquaint with the people” but not carnality versa. With anniversary beachcomber of abstruse discovery, Starr holds, the federal government adopted ample clandestine to accessible control, as back it privatized the telegraph industry in the 1840s and imposed antitrust regulations on the blast aggregation as aboriginal as 1907; this alternative has accustomed the media to serve as bread-and-butter engines. At the aforementioned time, the government has taken an activist role in authoritative the media in broad-stroke terms: for instance, it imposed “moral regulation” on the columnist afterwards the Civil War and abandoned British interests from the radio industry afterwards WWI, agreement it “entirely beneath American control.” This pattern, at already laissez-faire and controlling, has captivated into the Internet age, an era that lies above the ambit of present study.A sequel, please.
America's leading role in today's information revolution may seem simply to reflect its position as the world's dominant economy and most powerful state. But by the early nineteenth century, when the United States was neither a world power nor a primary center of scientific discovery, it was already a leader in communications-in postal service and newspaper publishing, then in development of the telegraph and telephone networks, later in the whole repertoire of mass communications.In this wide-ranging social history of American media, from the first printing press to the early days of radio, Paul Starr shows that the creation of modern communications was as much the result of political choices as of technological invention. His original historical analysis reveals how the decisions that led to a state-run post office and private monopolies on the telegraph and telephone systems affected a developing society. He illuminates contemporary controversies over freedom of information by exploring such crucial formative issues as freedom of the press, intellectual property, privacy, public access to information, and the shaping of specific technologies and institutions. America's critical choices in these areas, Starr argues, affect the long-run path of development in a society and have had wide social, economic, and even military ramifications. The Creation of the Media not only tells the history of the media in a new way; it puts America and its global influence into a new perspective.
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